Sat. Jul 20th, 2024

Consider sleep apnea in children during a consultation.

By b0oua Apr 8, 2024

Despite the fact that it is still difficult to diagnose, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a condition that affects almost one in every five persons.

According to the French Orthodontic Federation, receiving treatment in children at an early age and in multiple dimensions helps prevent significant difficulties once they reach maturity.

“When I left university, no one spoke to me about obstructive sleep apnea; however, we have recently become interested in it,” explains Dr. David Couchat, a dental surgeon who serves as the president of the Communication Commission of the French federation of orthodontics. Apneics, on the other hand, number between two and three million in France.

The obstruction of the upper airways, which prevents breathing through the nose, is the root cause of the condition, which expresses itself in the form of respiratory pauses that lead to micro-arousals and fragmentation of sleep.

The majority of its causes are of anatomical origin, including hypertrophy of the tonsils and adenoids, improper positioning of the tongue, a deformity of the mandible, or a palate that is excessively small.

In France, the triple epidemic of influenza, covid, and seasonal bronchiolitis has been confirmed to have come to an end with the arrival of springtime and the weekly update from Public Health France. The measles outbreak in France, as well as the dengue and cholera outbreaks around the world, are also taken into consideration.

The influenza pandemic has been contained across the entirety of France. According to the weekly bulletin published by Santé Publique France, the only countries that are still impacted are Guadeloupe and Martinique situated overseas.

The same pattern can be seen with bronchiolitis, which is a condition that is considered to be despicable in France. Mayotte, which was still experiencing an epidemic at the time of the most recent assessment, has now entered the post-epidemic phase, which is evidence that seasonal activity has come to an end.

The indicators for Covid have remained at low levels, which indicates that there is “low circulation of SARS-CpV-2,” as stated by the public health service. This indicates that the virus is not expected to spread.In addition to these three acute respiratory infections (ARIs), the measles, which had been dormant for a few years, reemerged in France in 2023, as stated in another report from the SPF. A rise that can be attributed, in particular, to the decrease in the extent of vaccine coverage following the Covid outbreak. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), which stated at the end of February that it was “extremely concerned” by the situation, this tendency is also noticed all over the world.

The risk of contracting dengue fever continues to be high across Central and South America, as well as in the Caribbean. According to information provided by France Guyane, a girl who was 16 years old passed away at the end of March as a result of the sickness on the premises of the Cayenne hospital in Guyana.

Following the announcement made by the ARS at the end of March on the importation of a case of cholera from India, this information was ultimately brought back to light in Reunion. After receiving the samples, the Pasteur Institute in Paris verified that “the bacilli identified were not those of cholera.” The samples were then returned back to the laboratory.

The disease known as childhood sleep apnea is rather common and is characterized by a stoppage in the breathing rhythm of your child while they are sleeping. Changes in your child’s breathing may be the result of an obstruction or blockage in their airway, or it may be because their brain is not communicating with the muscles that control their breathing.

Your kid’s brain will send a signal to their lungs to breathe if it detects variations in the amount of air that is being taken in by their body. It is possible that your child will wake up multiple times in the middle of the night as a result of this. A comparable experience would be if you were to hear your phone ring once while you were sleeping. You are roused from your sleep by the sound of it, but you soon find yourself falling back asleep again.

Even though they are brief, these disruptions have an effect on the sleeping pattern of your child. Your youngster may have more fatigue throughout the daytime as a consequence of this.

Most people suffer from sleep apnea. There are over one billion people who suffer from sleep apnea all over the world. One percent to five percent of children, including babies, infants, toddlers, children, adolescents, and teens, are affected by obstructive sleep apnea. This condition can affect children of any age. Between the ages of two and six years old is when the incidence of obstructive sleep apnea in children is at its highest.

The obstructive childhood sleep apnea that your child is experiencing is caused by an obstruction or blockage in their airways. Central sleep apnea is caused by a breakdown in communication between the brain of your child and the muscles that are located in your child’s airway. The use of a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine can occasionally result in a more severe form of sleep apnea.

After gathering additional information regarding your child’s symptoms and inquiring about their sleeping habits, such as whether or not they snore, a medical professional will attempt to diagnose your child with sleep apnea in children. A comprehensive medical history will also be taken, in addition to a physical examination that will be performed. There is a possibility that your child’s healthcare professional will suggest that they see a sleep specialist.

The treatment for sleep apnea in children differs according to the severity of the condition and the underlying cause. The primary aim of their healthcare professional will be to clean your child’s airways completely. Treatment options may include the following:

In the event that your child exhibits symptoms of complicated sleep apnea following treatment for obstructive sleep apnea, their healthcare professional may recommend adjusting the airflow settings on their continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine or readjusting the mask to fit your child’s face again. In most cases, the airflow pressures of CPAP machines are either too high or too low. Adjustments to treatment are effective in alleviating almost all of the symptoms of complicated sleep apnea.

You should discuss the potential adverse effects of the treatment that your child’s healthcare provider recommends with them. There are potential dangers associated with any kind of surgical procedure. Different types of drugs each have their own unique set of adverse effects. During the course of your child’s therapy, you should inquire with their provider about the possibility of experiencing any adverse effects.–Ixg

By b0oua

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